Behind the scenes of Alinea’s “table-plated” dessert course

flickr user star5112

If you follow this blog, you’ve probably already seen the pictures and videos: At the restaurant Alinea in Chicago, Chef Grant Achatz and his team serve a unique dessert: a chef unrolls a silicone mat on the diner’s table and then serves various sauces and components right on the mat, no plate required.

The spectacular design and plating of the dessert make it unique. How do they do it?

I first learned about this during Chef Achatz’ presentation at the Harvard Science and Cooking course: he mentions the dessert in this video at the 46 minute mark .

Look closely at the above picture. You’ll notice that the orange sauce forms squares, while the red and white sauces form rounded shapes.  The two sauces are simply poured from the spoon onto the mat, so how come they end up in different shapes? Based on Chef Achatz’s explanation, it had something to do with a grid pattern in the mat, so I decided to investigate further.

The team at Alinea was kind enough to give me a sample of the mat after their talk. I looked at it under a microscope, as shown above (the ruler has 1-mm markings).

I tried re-creating the Alinea recipes in my lab. Most liquids, including ethanol and glycerol, actually formed squares, not circles! It turns out the edges of the liquid tend to run along the grid lines of the mat, which minimizes the surface area of the drop. The mystery then became how the Alinea chefs create their circles.

At Alinea, the honey-milk sauce that formed circles was actually a gel that had been set into a solid and then blended to form a viscous liquid. With some experimentation, I was able to create the same effect using a simple agar gel.*

In the above photo, you can see drops of the blended gels with different agar concentrations. The first row is 0.6% by weight, the second row is 0.3%, and the third row is pure water. Notice how the pure water samples form squares on Alinea’s special mat. A second set of drops replicates the experiment in the background.

The elasticity of the fluid gels seemed to be the key factor for maintaining a round shape. Based on this preliminary research, it seems that the spreading behavior of the sauces could be replicated by using different combinations of hydrocolloids with any sauce – not just chocolate or honey.  Meaning, you can get different shapes on the mat just by changing the concentration of the gel! This experience left me with an even deeper admiration for the chefs at Alinea and their openness to serendipity. 

If you have done any similar experiments, please let us know in the comments.


* Agar is basically vegetarian gelatin. It’s made from algae, and is used in everything from ice cream to microbiology. Check out our ingredients guide for more information.

Naveen Sinha

About Naveen Sinha

Naveen is best known for his role as head teaching fellow of the Harvard Science and Cooking class, though he's also been known to dabble in improv, chocolate, and PhD research on biofilms. You can follow him at @nsinha. Naveen is an editor at Science Fare.

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12 Responses to Behind the scenes of Alinea’s “table-plated” dessert course

  1. torontofoodlab September 17, 2012 at 4:36 pm #

    FINALLY!!!! An explanation about the squares.

  2. kalyan December 22, 2012 at 5:12 am #

    hi there,
    came across your blog … it was pretty interesting know how the table dessert work.. am pretty much fascinated about it and wanted to try … so could help me where can i source the mat from.

    • Naveen Sinha
      Naveen Sinha December 22, 2012 at 3:10 pm #

      Hi Kalyan, it’s great to hear from you. Unfortunately I don’t know where the team at Alinea found the mat, since they just gave me a sample from the large, gray roll of the material. I would love to hear if anyone has seen a similar effect with other mats.

      • Carolyn Tepolt December 30, 2012 at 10:30 pm #

        I just tried this with a standard silicone mat (Silpat), and it didn’t work – water beaded into circles, not squares. My mat contains a woven grid pattern, similar to the mat Naveen got from the Alinea crew, so I thought it was worth a try. Maybe another brand, where the silicone coating is thinner and the grid stands out more?

        • Carlos January 19, 2015 at 7:45 pm #

          How can I ask for this kind of material and where

  3. Matias March 4, 2013 at 7:26 pm #

    where I can buy it?

  4. Angelino April 6, 2013 at 9:59 am #

    Hi there,as a chef this has been bothering me for sometime. Thank you. I would to hear more about any very unique discoveries

  5. Cameron October 3, 2013 at 5:16 pm #

    Was curious if there has been any success in forming other shapes?

  6. Whitney Haller September 9, 2014 at 4:45 pm #

    When we were at Alinea they made a big deal about the grey silicone sheets having to be perfectly smooth and they spent a lot of time making sure they were right. We asked the where they sourced the silicone and the server told us it came from France and it was material used to make um…er….sex toys!

    • Ally Muhammad December 17, 2014 at 2:58 am #

      Can you precise me more about which material?

      • Whitney December 17, 2014 at 2:26 pm #

        We asked many questions about the material and that is exactly all they they told us — they found the material in France after much searching and they repurposed the material as it was usually used in the sex toy industry. I’m guessing it had the properties they needed to do the dessert.


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